Trade telecouplings include several subcategories. Trade of agricultural products, food, material (e.g. timber, sand), medicine, and minerals just to name a few. Resources, e.g., land, water, labor, are used for producing goods and products in the sending systems, and pollutants are also released during the production processes. Socioeconomic sustainability may increase while environmental sustainability may be compromised. In receiving systems, environmental quality may increase while socioeconomic benefits, e.g., job loss, may suffer. In spillover systems, sustainability may be affected in various ways depending on the relationships with sending and receiving systems.


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