Investment telecouplings include a number of subcategories. Conservation investment, e.g. payments for ecosystem services, may conserve and restore environmental sustainability in receiving systems, may or may not compromise sustainability in the sending systems, and may influence spillover systems in various ways. Development investment, e.g. foreign direct investment, may stimulate economic markets and resource use, e.g., for agricultural production, manufacturing facilities, and affect the environment in the receiving systems. It may or may not slow down economic growth or resource development in the sending systems, and may influence spillover systems in various ways.


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